Cannabidiol, more commonly known as CBD, is one of the 110+ cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are the natural compounds found in cannabis that are responsible for the myriad of effects that cannabis provides to users. Both hemp CBD and cannabis CBD come from the same mother cannabis plant, the Cannabis Sativa L. The plant helps create brother hemp plants and sister marijuana plants.
The brother hemp plant produces hemp CBD, which has no buds and therefore primarily consists of CBD, with less than 0.3% THC. Products that have less than 0.3% THC are legal everywhere in the United States and can be found at various health-focused stores. Because they have such low amounts of THC, they can be presented as having zero THC. Anyone 18 years and older can purchase these products. There is also industrial hemp, which comes from cannabis ruderalis, which is another form of the plant in addition to the Sativa and Indica. Industrial hemp can be found in clothing, shoes, paper, rope and lotions.
0.3% became the legal distinction between hemp and marijuana when the Federal Farm Bill, also called the Agricultural Act of 2014, was passed. The percentage comes from a taxonomic report from back in 1976. This report was written by Canadian plant scientists Arthur Cronquist and Ernest Small, who never intended for this to occur many years later.
The sister marijuana plant grows buds and therefore contains more than 0.3% THC. Cannabis CBD and THC that comes from the sister plant creates a synergistic effect called the “entourage effect”. THC is the psychoactive component of marijuana, but with a combination of a low amount of CBD, the psychoactive effects are barely experienced if at all. While hemp helps alleviate symptoms slightly, it has been shown that the more THC contained within CBD products, the more effective these products become for relieving patients’ pain and other symptoms. Products with a 1:1 ratio of THC and CBD have been shown to be most effective for a variety of conditions such as: cancer, insomnia, autism, fibromyalgia and many others. Patients who use 1:1 CBD to THC products feel calm, relaxed, tranquil and slightly euphoric with very little side effects. Products with 1:1 CBD to THC ratios typically contain 5 to 15 percent of each of these cannabinoids. Because it contains more than the federal legal limit of THC, cannabis CBD can only be sold at dispensaries in states that have legalized medical marijuana. Click here to learn more about the Difference Between THC and CBD.