How to Make BHO Edibles
Marijuana-infused edibles are an enduring classic in the world of cannabis; especially popular among those who need a smokeless option for consumption. Since PA state law only allows production and sale of cannabis oils at this time, we receive many inquiries about cooking edibles with concentrates. In addition to state law limitations, determining your dosage can also be challenging when baking with cannabis flower, whereas with concentrates it can be measure a lot more accurately.
Butane Hash Oil, also known as BHO, is a form of cannabis concentrate that typically comes in a waxy or crumbly texture. With a potency ranging from 55% to 90%, BHO concentrates rightly gained recognition as a more potent and less pungent alternative to cannabis flower, especially when cooking or baking.
When thinking about baking with high-quality medical marijuana, there are a few things to consider and keep in mind.
First things first: depending on the product you’ve purchased, you’ll be able to see THC-A and/or THC levels of your concentrate on the package label. Most concentrates aren’t decarboxylated (heat activated), and will have a very high THC-A and a low THC labeling . THC-A turns into THC when in contact with heat for a certain amount of time. THC-A loses approximately 13% of its mass when decarboxylated. After you’ve calculated how much of your THC-A corresponds to THC, you would additionally add the small THC amount in the label of your product. Please make sure to calculate your THC correctly. Below is a formula for calculating your total and final THC levels.
THCtotal = (%THCA) x 0.877 + (%THClabel)
(0.877 is the molecular mass of THC divided by that of THC-A)
Rick Simpson Oil (RSO), tinctures, or sublingual products are already decarboxylated and will be activated. However, products like budder, live sugar, wax, shatter will have to be heat-activated before consumed orally.
Before you start baking or cooking, you want to calculate the potency of the edibles you plan on making. It is easy to calculate, especially if you know the THC potency of your concentrate (see above to calculate your total THC). A full gram (1000mg) of concentrate with 65% THC is 650 mg of THC in your wax. In a half gram (500mg) with 65% THC you will have 350mg of THC.
Depending on how many baked goods you’d like to make, it should be somewhat easy to divide it up accordingly, once you’ve determined how many mgs of THC you have in your batch. The maximum legal amount in recreationally available edibles ranges from 5mg to 20mg per edible, depending on state law, however you’re not bound by these limitations. If you’re not sure about your perfect dose or are inexperienced with edibles, 3-5 mgs would be a good starting point.
For example, if you are planning to prepare 30 cookies with your full gram of wax that has 65% (650 mg) THC, then you’ll simply divide 650mg by 30, yielding 21.7mg (approx.. 22mg) per each cookie—which is a little higher than what some states allow for sale. This is a high amount for inexperienced users. If you’re not entirely sure, it is a good idea to start on the low end and mix in less, or even half of your concentrate until you arrive at a comfortable euphoria.
Instructions for decarboxylating your concentrates
A successful decarboxylation process will need careful timing and observation. There is a limit to the temperature and time you would be heating your concentrate.
There are a few different ways to decarboxylate your concentrate, but the surest way to most effectively activate your wax, shatter, budder would be to physically observe the concentrate as you are heating it up.
1 bake mix recipe and ingredients (for cookies, brownies, candies, etc. Your choice)
1 small metal cup (1.5oz-2.5oz, depending on how much butter your recipe calls for)
When it comes to decarboxylating concentrates, there isn’t an exact and ideal temperature or time. You will most effectively activate your concentrate by observing CO2 bubble formation as you’re heating it up.
It is recommended to prepare your bake mix ahead of time, without adding your butter/oil ingredient-- which you will mix with your activated concentrate before pouring it in with the rest of your recipe.
Place your small metal cup on a stovetop pan and start your oven at a low heat. Drop your concentrate into the metal cup and observe your concentrate as it melts. After melting from a solid to a liquid state, the concentrate will slowly start bubbling up.
The bubble formation will be noticeable and observable. You will need to observe the rate of the bubbles that are forming and you should notice that the speed of the bubbles are increasing. Keep your eye on the concentrate and pay close attention to the bubbles forming.
As you are observing the bubbles forming, the rate of the bubbles will increase until it hits its peak, and will noticeably slow down.
Once you notice that the bubbling has slowed down, you should turn off your heat and let it sit on the pan for a few minutes-- this will allow for decarboxylation to continue without burning any of your material.
Once you’ve turned off the heat, and while your concentrate is still hot, thoroughly mix your butter with into the metal cup to create your own “cannabutter”. Make sure it is still quite hot, in order for it to mix as evenly as possible with you butter.
The amount of butter will depend on the recipe that you are working with. Add it to the suggested amount of butter in your bake mix.
Pour your cannabutter into the rest of your bake mix. We recommend pouring the butter in parts and thoroughly mixing with the rest of the ingredients in between pours.
Once you have emptied all of your cannabutter into your mix, thoroughly mix the entire preparation, to ensure your each piece will have the same amount of THC in them.