January is Glaucoma Awareness Month
Glaucoma is an eye condition caused by high eye pressure that affects the optic nerve. It is the leading cause of blindness for adults over the age of 60. Other high risk groups other than those over the age of 60, include a family history of glaucoma along with various other medical conditions. These conditions include diabetes and high blood pressure. Physicians recommend regular eye screenings for those at risk, as there are often no early symptoms of most types of glaucoma. Unfortunately blindness induced by Glaucoma is an irreversible condition. However, if it noticed in its early stages, prevention and slowing of vision loss are possible.
Types of Glaucoma
Chronic (Open Angle)
The most common type of glaucoma, where eye pressure is caused by aqueous fluid draining too slowly from the eye. There are often no symptoms.
Characterized by unusual sensitivity to normal levels of pressure. This can be caused by reduced blood supply to the optic nerve.
Acute (Angle Closure)
Characterized by sudden increase in eye pressure and serious symptoms including blurred vision and severe headaches, eye pain, nausea and vomiting. Not everyone with this type of glaucoma experiences symptoms.
The result of another eye disease or condition, such as a tumor, trauma or inflammation.